Risk-based Assessment of Frequency Response and Reserve Requirement for a Power System with High Wind Power Penetration
University of Tasmania, Australia
Integration of wind power generation (WPG) is increasing rapidly worldwide. The variability and uncertainty of wind energy may lead to significant load-generation imbalances resulting in large frequency deviations, hence increasing system operational risks, especially in small and isolated power systems with low inertia and limited capabilities of providing frequency responses. This raises the need for investigating alternatives to current power system operation planning approaches to cope with the uncertain nature of the intermittent generation. This paper presents a risk assessment approach to analyze power system security for operation planning under high penetration of wind power generation. The proposed approach deals with not only steady-state voltage and overload evaluations, but also frequency response adequacy. For fast identification of operational limit violations in the proposed risk assessment method, we develop an analytical procedure for approximating frequency response and assessing the consequences of limit violations without performing dynamic
simulations. As a result, the frequency response adequacy assessment can be run simultaneously with the steady-state voltage and overload evaluations. The proposed risk assessment approach is illustrated via its application to a model of a power system with high wind power penetration.